History of the invention of photography
Time to first photo
Fine art was very popular in the Middle Ages. Rich people in those days wanted to capture themselves on canvas, so that their descendants knew about them. To do this, hire artists who painted with oil or watercolors. The result can hardly be called realistic, unless the artist is the greatest master of this work. His Leonardo da Vinci did not live in every city or even in every country. More often, artists had an average talent; they had to look for other ways to get realistic images.
One day, someone came up with the idea of using a pinhole camera for painting. This device has been known for quite some time. Such a box had at one end a small opening through which light was projected to the other end. Artists slightly improved camera obscura. They planted a mirror, after which the image began to fall on a semi-transparent sheet of paper placed on top. It remained only to exactly draw the picture. And this is a little easier than drawing from life.
The disadvantage of this method is the long duration of drawing. To the realism of the image, there were also questions, because the artist worked with the same colors, the palette of which was not infinite and depended on the skills of the master. Not surprisingly, in the future, the camera obscura was improved even more.
Date of invention of the photo: year and century
The development of chemistry has allowed scientists to invent a special layer of asphalt varnish that reacts to light. In the 1820s, Joseph Nicephore Niepce came up with putting this layer on glass, which was then put on a pinhole camera instead of a sheet of paper. The exact date of the invention of the photograph is unknown. The photographer himself (if you could call him that) called his device a heliograph. Now the picture was not needed to draw, it took shape on its own.
Photographing at that time differed from visual arts only for the worse. It took a lot of time to get the image. The picture was black and white. And its quality can be called terrible. Now the invention of photography is attributed to 1826. It is this dating that has the earliest preserved snapshot. It is called “View from the window.” The Frenchman Niepce captured in this photograph the landscape opening from the window of his home. With difficulty and some fantasy in the frame, you can see the turret and several houses.
What year was the invention of photography developed?
Since then, the development of photography has gone at a serious pace. Already in 1827, Joseph Nicephore Niepce, together with Jacques Mande Daguerre, decided to use silver plates instead of glass (the base was made of copper). With the help of them, the exposure process was reduced to thirty minutes. This invention had one drawback. To obtain the final photograph, it was necessary to keep the plate in a dark room over heated mercury vapor. And this is not the safest thing.
Pictures began to turn out all the better. But thirty minutes of exposure is still a lot. Not every family is ready to stand in front of the camera lens in a stillness for such amount of time.
About the same years, the English inventor came up with the idea of saving an image on paper with a layer of silver chloride. The picture in this case was saved as a negative. Then these pictures are fairly easy to copy. But the exposure in the case of such a paper has increased to an hour.
The term “Photography” was born in 1839. It was first used by astronomers Johann von Medler (Germany) and John Herschel (United Kingdom).
The invention of color photography
If the date of invention of the photograph is determined by the XIX century, then color photographs appeared much later. Take a look at the photos stored in your family album. Most of them are all black and white shots. The invention of color photography took place in 1861. James Maxwell used the color separation method, due to which the world’s first color photograph was obtained. The trouble with this method is that in order to create a photo, you had to use three cameras at once, on which different color filters were installed. Therefore, the practice of color photography has not been extended for a long time.
From 1907 photographic plates from the Lumiere Brothers began to be produced and sold. With their help, quite good color images have already been obtained. Take a look at the self-portrait of Sergei Mikhailovich Prokudin-Gorsky. It was made in 1912. The quality is already very decent.
Since the 1930s, alternatives to this technology have been launched. Well-known companies Polaroid, Kodak and Agfa have begun their production.
But in what year did the invention of photography actually happen again? Now we can say that it happened in 1981. Computers evolved, gradually they learned to display not only text, but also a picture. Including photos. To receive them at first it was possible only by scanning. Everything began to change with the Sony Mavica camera market.