Light and lighting in photography outside
When taking a landscape shot, it is not worth giving much attention to lighting. You can get a beautiful picture in almost any case. The most spectacular shots are achieved during the rising or setting sun. But in clear weather, you can take pictures in another part of the day.
With portrait photography in nature, the situation changes. At dawn and dusk photographing the model becomes more complicated.In such conditions it is possible to obtain a spectacular silhouette of a person. If you need to display the model in all its details, you will have to use a flash or more powerful light sources. The result can be amazing.
What is backlight in photos?
In the daytime to do portrait shooting on the street becomes easier. It is only necessary to monitor the position of the sun. In ideal cases, it should shine the model on the face. You can use backlight in photos, but more carefully. In this case, you may need a flash or the inclusion of HDR mode. The results of such a shooting are extremely unusual.
Do not shoot on the street in the event that the sky tightly overcast. Light in photography is very important, and when the sky is too tight, problems begin with this. The flash in this case makes the picture artificial. The exception is shooting with the use of a diffuser, which allows you to smooth out the light from the flash.
Most often a diffuser is required when shooting indoors. The light from the flash in a close space is felt much stronger. Therefore, some photographers necessarily acquire one or two lenses. Sometimes they are created personally.
Diffuser makes the light more uniform. This allows you to equally light all the surfaces of the object. Light and shadow in photography cease to fight with each other, the first one wins an unconditional victory. In addition to the shadow, all kinds of glare from the lacquered surface of the object also disappear. Diffused light is great for macro photography. A flash may frighten away a photographed insect. But with the diffuser, the light becomes more muffled, the insect can not react to it.
For photographing portraits of people, the diffuser is completely optional. It is much easier to use external lamps, with which you can also achieve very uniform lighting. But some photographers have a different opinion. Suffice it to recall newcomers who can not afford high-quality studio lamps. Such amateur photographers regularly use a diffuser with an external flash.
In the studios are often used multiple spotlights. But some photographers make a gross mistake, considering them all major. In fact, only one light source should be the main one. This is not necessarily a spotlight, in some cases the main light may be a flash. All other lamps only adjust the lighting of the model being photographed.
With the help of several sources of lighting, you can do experiments. The result will depend on the fantasy of the photographer. Regularly so photos are obtained with light evenly distributed over the subject. Deep shadows disappear, they are replaced by only slightly dark areas. It is not recommended to do completely without them, since in this case the volume of the model is lost, the features of her face are hidden.
A second light source can cause strong shadows. In this case, it is recommended to put it as close as possible to the camera. You can also solve the problem by installing a reflector against the main light source. As it can act as a regular sheet of white cardboard. Both spotlights must have different power, otherwise a real mess will occur on the image. You can use more light sources, but the main one should remain the most powerful.
Location of light sources
When using a single light source, its location is very important. Light and lighting in photography are beginning to play a very important role. Its location depends on how the audience will perceive the picture. Many beginners use banal direct light. But in this case they forget that the models are not very pleasant to look in the direction of a brightly lit lamp or a searchlight. The expression after that will not be the most natural. And the shape of the face in direct light is strongly concealed. The only advantage of such lighting is a detailed study of the details in the final image.
Try moving the light to the right. After this, facial features begin to acquire volume. The left part of the picture at the same time goes into the dark, but not yet impenetrable. Professional photographers use this location of the light source most often.
The lamp can be positioned on the side. In this case, only half of the head will be lit, the rest will gradually disappear into the shade. The result is very impressive.
During experiments, you can move the light source even further. As a result, most of the face will be in the shadows.