Rule of thirds in photography
In our youth, we didn’t really care about observing any rules when photographing. When shooting landscapes, we ensured that the horizon line was almost at the very center of the frame. We also tried to place the person in the center. Do not believe? Take a look at your family photo album, you immediately make sure that this statement is correct. All sorts of rules for constructing a composition appeared not very long ago. They help to achieve more expressive frames. But not always should use all these rules. Some photographers are specially engaged in experiments, as a result of which very good frames are obtained, only envious competitors can call them monstrous.
The rules of the golden section and 1/3 in the photo
To comply with the 1/3 rule in a photo, use a 3 × 3 grid. Its display can be enabled in almost any digital camera. This grid divides the frame with black or white lines into three equal blocks vertically and horizontally. The rule of thirds in photography requires that the main objects are at the intersection of the lines. It is believed that the human eye first of all looks precisely at these points, so the picture in this case seems more beautiful.
The rule of the golden section in photography is applied everywhere. He needs to follow even when shooting landscapes. The horizon line is best placed on one of two horizontal lines. Otherwise, the frame will be divided in half, and this is ugly. Any division of the picture in half confused the viewer. He can not decide which area of the frame is more important.
Turning on the grid display is necessary only in the first months of taking photographs. After this or a shorter period, you will learn how to determine the points of the golden section by the eye.
Simple rules for composition in photos
Many objects of our world are similar in shape to geometric shapes. Take a look at your room, office or look outside. You will find many squares, ellipses, triangles and circles. Each such form causes certain emotions in the viewer. The rule of geometric composition came into the picture from psychology, it is also often used.
A long viewing of a square or rectangular object gives the viewer a sense of stability. Triangular shapes help the viewer gain a sense of stability. But only if the triangle is set on its base. In the case of an inverted triangle, mixed feelings arise, a feeling of anxiety appears.
Opposite feelings causes viewing of round objects. The viewer in this case, there is a feeling of complete peace and comfort. Is it because of this that photos of food settled in round plates became so popular?
Basic rules for good photography
The list of the golden rules of photography includes a competent display of perspectives. This applies to shooting landscapes at maximum depth of field.
The camera is different from the human eye. At the world, most of us look with two eyes, making the objects seem voluminous. Do not forget that the camera is endowed with only one lens, so the sense of volume must be induced artificially. To do this, try to shoot in places where the foreground, middle, and background are clearly visible.
When shooting portrait volume is achieved easier. The photographer simply opens the aperture as wide as possible, after which the background becomes blurred.
Literate perspective is transmitted and with the help of light. But this requires suitable weather. For example, the average plan in your photo can be distinguished by the morning mist, while in the back the mountains or large hills will rise. In the foreground, let shrubs or small trees. Clouds that hide sunlight in certain parts of the plain space can help in this matter. Do not forget to remember that light objects appear farther in the photo, and dark ones – close. Dark foreground further enhances the sense of depth.
Another simple rule of photography, which is openly psychologists. Different colors cause the viewer with a long viewing certain feelings.
Colors are divided into two groups. Warm called yellow, red and orange hues. When viewing photos saturated with such colors, associations with the sun, summer and heat arise. The group of cool colors includes pink, purple and blue hues. When viewed, the viewer associates with cold, water, and winter.
More on the emotions of the viewer affects color saturation. A calmer feeling is caused by a photo with soft tones. Bright colors excite the viewer, excite him. That is why in advertising most often pictures are used in bright colors. The advertiser needs to memorize his brand.
Approach the selection of the color component of the picture very carefully. It will be very stupid if there are bright color spots near the main subject. They will only distract the viewer.