20 most influential PHOTOGRAPHIC WOMEN FOR 100 YEARS
On the eve of the International Women’s Day, we present a review of the 20 most talented women photographers of the 20th century who, with their creativity, have made a huge contribution to the development of world photography.
Eva Arnold (1912–2012)
Photographer Eva Arnold
Eva Arnold – American photographer and photojournalist, the first woman – a member of the agency Magnum Photos.
Eva was fascinated by this type of creativity in 1946. She made her first steps in professional photography two years later in Harper’s Bazaar magazine under the guidance of its art director Alexey Brodovich. During her creative career, Eva worked in China, South Africa, Russia and Afghanistan, shooting a variety of subjects, events and portraits. She was widely known for shooting Hollywood stars and politicians: Marlene Dietrich, Joan Crawford, Elizabeth Taylor, Clark Gable, Malcolm X, Jacqueline Kennedy, Margaret Thatcher, Queen Elizabeth II and others. Especially glorified her series of portraits of Marilyn Monroe.
In the postwar years, Eva Arnold wore the unofficial title of the grand-lady of photojournalism. She is considered one of the creators of the “golden age of news photography,” associated with such publications as Life and Look. These magazines attracted attention not so much with texts as with highly artistic photographs taken by such masters as Henri Cartier-Bresson, Gordon Parks, Robert Capa and others.
In 1980, the first solo exhibition of photographs of Eva Arnold made in China was held at the Brooklyn Museum in New York. In 1995, she became a member of the Royal Photographic Society.
“Many of my stories were repeated. I was poor, and it was important for me to capture poverty. I was interested in politics, and I tried to understand how it affects our lives. Finally, I am a woman, and I wanted to know more about other women, ”said Arnold in an interview.
Inge Morat (1923–2002)
Photographer Inge Morat
Inge Morath from Austria in 1953 became a member of Magnum Photos and the second female photographer who joined this legendary agency.
In total, Inge has published about 30 monographs in her life. She worked in different genres, shot landscapes, portraits, architecture, reports, but became famous primarily as a street photographer.
Inge became interested in the art of photography in the early 1950s, when she worked in the post-war Vienna in tandem with the photographer Ernst Haas. Her own work was inspired by viewing the works of the great Henri Cartier-Bresson.
Inge traveled a lot. She traveled to Europe, Africa, USA, South America and the Middle East. “The strange thing is photography … You just trust your eye, but you can’t help but expose your soul,” she once said.
Margaret Bourke-White (1904–1971)
Photographer Margaret Bourke-WhiteAmerican photographer and photojournalist, a pioneer of reportage, she became the first female photo reporter for Life magazine. In addition, she was the first Western photographer to visit the USSR in 1930. She can also be called the first woman who was allowed to work at the front. During the Second World War, Margaret took off very actively and was the only foreign photographer who was present in Moscow during the attack of fascist Germany; later she accompanied the American troops.
Her book “Dear Motherland, rest easy” (Dear Fatherland, Rest Quietly), in which Margaret showed all the horrors of war, gained world fame, and the autobiography “Own Portrait” became a bestseller.
As contemporaries noted, Margaret always revealed the objective essence of the event and shot so that each frame reflected her attitude to what was happening. A master of dynamic journalistic photo essays, she was incredibly insightful and knew how to convey live emotions in pictures. As Margaret herself said, the camera was her salvation, a barrier between her and reality. Today, her photographs are kept in historical museums in the United States and the Library of Congress in Washington.
Lilian Bassman (1917–2012)
Photographer Lilian BassmanLilian Bassman is an American photographer and artist. She was born in New York in a family of Jewish immigrants.
In the 1950s and 1960s, Lilian worked at Harper’s Bazaar as a fashion photographer and art director, but soon decided to radically change her style and became involved in high-contrast black and white photography. She began to use this technique in fashion shooting, thanks to which she gained considerable popularity.
Lilian was very interested in pictorial photography. Perhaps this explains the picturesque and graphic nature of her works. She was known as an experimenter, who did not regret the time spent on frame processing, and tried to shoot out of focus and on long exposures.